Kalahari Climate

The Kalahari's climate does not have the distinctive characteristics of normal summer, autumn, winter and spring.

Here we are used to it that June (actually a mid-winter-month in the Kalahari) may offer such a hot day that you will see everybody wearing short sleeves.

Likewise, once in a while, a December evening (mid-summer-month) will send you inside to get a light jacket for a very cool breeze.

I want to give you information from a personal point of view about our typical climate during the months of each season here in the Kalahari so that you will come well prepared when visiting Namibia.

Autumn in March, April and May

The first signs of autumn appear during the shorter, cooler days of March.

Usually by this time we are so exhausted by the heat of summer that these early autumn days are received by all the people of the Kalahari as welcome refreshment.

We love this part of the year most, since by now we have received (if it was a good year) enough rain and this ensures colorful and lush vegetation. The red sand is covered with tall, green grass and the leaves of the trees look fresh and washed.

kalahari climateFall in the Kalahari

Although it is already autumn in March and April, we sometimes have a late rain season and occasional localized showers may occur in these months. For two or three months after good rain, the Kalahari is always at its most beautiful, especially for the farmers living here. The sight of green grass, flowers and new leaves tell the farmers that they need not to worry about food for their animals for the next six or eight months.

Temperatures during daytime can vary from 15°C to 36°C (59°F to 100°F). Nights get a lot cooler (to 10°C / 50°F). You will have nice and comfortable weather and also beautiful scenery.

Notice that the trophy hunting season of Namibia starts the first of February and ends the last day of November each year. The months of March till August however, provide the best climate for hunting.

Read more about an African Hunting adventure here.

Winter in June, July and August

The typical Namibian winter's day, is not very cold at all (25°C - 32°C / 77°F - 89°F). Normally we put on warm jackets for early mornings and evenings, but wear more autumn-like clothes in the middle of the day. Really cold days are the exception and not the rule.

kalahari climateWinter in the Kalahari

Frost at night is common though. The lowest night temperature measured (that we know of) has been –11°C (12.2°F). This may happen two or three nights in a year, but does not happen every year.

In the Kalahari you will experience extremes in temperature, both day and night and between winter and summer.

During the winter months the region’s “outfit” gets a bit more desert-like than during autumn. If we had a good rain season followed by lots of good and tall grass, the grass will get dry in wintertime and color yellow.

Strong northerly winds are common during August, but the farmers belief that it is a sign for good rains in the coming summer.

Spring in September, October and November

Kalahari climateKalahari Spring

Just like autumn, September in the Kalahari is also nice and fine. This is the only month in the Kalahari that has the spring “feeling”.

The climate are mild and comfortable and nature seems to awaken afterseveral  cold winter nights with frost. Bushes that seemed totally dead and dry in winter, starts to bloom and get new leaves.

This softens the looks of the winter-arid Kalahari. Some shrubs also show off their lovely colors and flowers. The bush with the white cotton-like flowers (see the pictures) smells really exceptional.

The days of October and November are already typical summer days and can reach temperatures of 38°C (100°F). So, theoretically, the Kalahari has only one month of spring (September). Both October and November are practically already summer. In years of early rain, the first showers are received during October.

Kalahari climateKalahari in Springtime..."Acacia Mellifera"

A late rain season however, brings the first rain in January or February. And these are the times and circumstances in the Kalahari that are the most testing to man, animal and plant, since real spring does not happen here until the first rain has arrived.

Dr. Willem D.Kotze* described it so good in one of his poems of the Kalahari. Directly translated, it reads:

“Do you know the Kalahari
Where the death of winter
Will stay through seasons
And spring will keep on sleeping
Until summer rain comes
To force life from hardened seeds
And dry twigs”

This is what spring and early summer in the Kalahari is like.

(*Dr. Willem D. Kotze wrote wonderful and fascinating books about life in the Kalahari– also a series about a certain Bushman character. It is not yet available in English, but will entertain each and every Afrikaans reader!)

Summer in December, January and February

The summer climate in the Kalahari can have two faces: HOT AND DRY or HOT AND WET.

kalahari climateSummer in the Kalahari

A HOT AND DRY climate will be synonymous with extreme heat, the absence of any moisture, a blazing sun and further..... animals and mankind in their utmost fight for survival.

Temperatures can reach 43°C (109°F). Small animals will hide in burrows where ideal temperatures are maintained (in summer and winter). The bigger animals , like antelopes, use different strategies to adapt to these circumstances.

Luckily, the Kalahari cools rapidly as soon as it gets dark. To us, this is often a life-saving privilege. The coolness of the nights revives and restores energy of all living in these hot conditions. If you dare to come visit in a dry summer, you will know that the Kalahari is sometimes correctly called a desert.

A HOT AND WET climate will be synonymous with mornings of northerly winds, clouds building at noon and then unpredictable, patchy rain in the afternoon.

Rain in the Kalahari has a distinctive smell. You have to experience it to describe it. This smell means to those living here: food, water, new growth, flowers, rejuvenation of the red sands, lifting of human spirits and truly frolicking animals.

Kalahari climateKalahari flowers after rain..."Tribulus Zeyheri"

The Kalahari responds very quickly to rain even after a long period of drought. The region puts on its festive “outfit” and celebrates! Within a few days certain grasses and shrubs will be blooming and showing tips of new growth.

From all the above information about the climate of the Kalahari, you might remember that it is a land of extremes. Extremes in temperature and extremes in appearance.


We as a family know that every season in the Kalahari has something to learn from.

Drought teaches humbleness, anticipation, resilience and resourcefulness.

Rain teaches thankfulness, productivity and delight.

The "stage" of the Kalahari change often and dramatically. You should visit here more than once to get to know the whole “play” and thus to appreciate it for the wonderful part of creation it is.

Kalahari ClimateWild water melon or tsamma melon of the Kalahari... "Citrillus Lanatus"

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Meaning of "Uitspan"

'Uitspan' is an Afrikaans word that means place of rest.

When the Boer settlers moved inland in Southern Africa in the 1800's, they used ox carts. When they found a spot with game, water and green grass, they arranged their ox carts into a circular laager for protection against wild animals and stopped for a rest.

They referred to such an action of relaxation for man and beast, as Uitspan.

(Picture above of our ancestors.)

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Greater Souther Kudu
Greater Southern Kudus are famous for their ability to jump high fences. A 2 m (6.56 ft) fence is easily jumped while a 3 m (9.84 ft) high fence is jumped spontaneously. These strong jumpers are known to jump up to 3.5 m (11.48 ft) under stress.

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Kalahari Lion

Some animals have one sense more than man!

The flehmen response is a particular type of curling of the upper lip in ungulates, felids and many other mammals. This action facilitates the transfer of pheromones and other scents into the vomeronasal organ, also called the Jacobson's Organ.
This behavior allows animals to detect scents (for example from urine) of other members of their species or clues to the presence of prey. Flehming allows the animals to determine several factors, including the presence or absence of estrus, the physiological state of the animal, and how long ago the animal passed by. This particular response is recognizable in males when smelling the urine of a females in heat.

Click here to read how the Kudu antelope use this sense.